- catch [kach, kech]vt.caught, catching [ME cacchen < Anglo-Fr cachier < VL * captiare < L captare, to seize < pp. of capere, to take hold: see HAVE]1. to seize and hold, as after a chase; capture2. to seize or take by or as by a trap, snare, etc.3. to deceive; ensnare4. to discover by taking unawares; surprise in some act [to be caught stealing]5. to strike suddenly; hit [the blow caught him in the arm]6. to overtake or get to in time; be in time for [to catch a train]7. to intercept the motion or action of; lay hold of; grab or snatch [to catch a ball]8.a) to take or get as by chance or quickly [to catch someone's attention, to catch a glimpse]b) Informal to manage to see, hear, find, etc. [to catch a radio program]9. to take or get passively; incur or contract without intention, as by exposure [to catch the mumps]10.a) to take in with one's mind or senses; understand; apprehendb) to show an understanding of by depicting [the statue catches her beauty]11. to captivate; charm12. to cause to be entangled or snagged [to catch one's heel in a rug]13. Baseball to act as catcher for (a specified pitcher, a specified game, etc.)vi.1. to become held, fastened, or entangled [her sleeve caught on a nail]2. to take hold or spread, as fire3. to take fire; burn4. to take and keep hold, as a lock5. to act or serve as a catchern.1. the act of catching2. a thing that catches or holds3. the person or thing caught4. the amount caught5. a person worth catching, esp. as a husband or wife6. a snatch, scrap, or fragment [catches of old tunes]7. a break in the voice, caused by emotion☆ 8. an exercise or a simple game consisting of throwing and catching a ball☆ 9. Informal a hidden qualification; tricky condition [a catch in his offer]10. Music a round for three or more unaccompanied voices11. Sports a catching of a ball in a specified manner12. Baseball the catching of a ball in flight and holding it firmlyadj.1. designed to trick; tricky [a catch question on an exam]2. attracting or meant to attract attention or interest——————catch as catch canwith any hold, approach, technique, etc.: originally said of a style of wrestling——————catch at1. to try to catch2. to reach for eagerly; seize desperately——————catch itInformal to receive a scolding or other punishment——————☆ catch on1. to grasp the meaning; understand2. to become fashionable or popular——————catch oneselfto hold oneself back abruptly from saying or doing something——————catch outChiefly Brit. to take notice of a person's error, inconsistency, or unacceptable action——————catch up1. to take or lift up suddenly; seize; snatch2. to show to be in error3. to come up even, as by hurrying or by extra work; overtake4. to fasten in loops——————catch up onto engage in more (work, sleep, etc.) so as to compensate for earlier neglectSYN.- CATCH, the most general term here, refers to a seizing or taking of a person or thing, whether by skill or cunning, and usually implies pursuit; CAPTURE stresses seizure by force or stratagem [to capture an outlaw ]; NAB, an informal word, specifically implies a sudden or quick taking into custody [the police nabbed the thief ]; TRAP1 and SNARE both imply the literal or figurative use of a device for catching a person or animal and suggest a situation from which escape is difficult or impossible [to trap a bear, snared by their false promises ]
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.